Category Archives: Armies

Events Larger Than One Person: The Surrenders at Bennett Place, Durham, North Carolina

Conclusion. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, ever the good soldier, obeyed Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s order. He informed his adversary, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, that the civil authorities in Washington, D. C. had rejected their treaty on the grounds … Continue reading

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Events Larger Than One Person: The Surrenders at Bennett Place, Durham, North Carolina

Part One. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston learned of the surrender of Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia in Wilmer McLean’s parlor in the hamlet of Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865 several days later. Lee had … Continue reading

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Where Was George Gordon Meade?

A Google search of the many sketches and paintings that have become the iconic, popular images of Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House may unveil a startling revelation. The commander of the Army of the Potomac, the principle … Continue reading

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Thoughts on Appomattox (part three)

One of the dearly held tenets of the Lost Cause is that Southerners didn’t lose because they were outfought. Rather, Ulysses S. Grant only won because he had more soldiers and so overwhelmed the Confederates. Isn’t that the point?

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Lt. Gen. U.S. Grant’s Dispatch to the Secretary of War April 9, 1865

Headquarters Appomattox C.H. Va., April 9th, 1865, 4:30 p.m. Hon. E.M. Stanton: Secretary of War, Washington. General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia this afternoon on terms proposed by myself. The accompanying additional correspondence will show the conditions fully. … Continue reading

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“It seemed a cruel fate for one so deserving to share in his country’s joy”: The Death of Hiram Clark at Appomattox

The Civil War in Virginia was in its closing moments. As Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia tried its last desperate attempts to break through the ever-tightening Federal cordon, the last men died.

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Closing Lee’s Western Door: The Battle of Appomattox Station

The evacuation of Farmville and subsequent fight at Cumberland Church continued to force Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia west. By the morning of April 8, Lee’s next objective was Appomattox Station, where he hoped to obtain critical supplies … Continue reading

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The Last Victory of the Army of Northern Virginia –The Battle of Cumberland Church, April 7, 1865

The afternoon of April 7th found the Confederate army in a bad situation. With the losses at Sailors Creek the day before, Lee could barely count 30,000 men left in his army. Most of these men were tired, underfed and … Continue reading

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“General Grant had us completely in a trap…” Farmville and High Bridge, April 7, 1865

On the afternoon of April 7, Lt. Gen. US Grant entered the town of Farmville.  As one private put it “stores were shut up, houses closed, frightened women peeped through dilapidated doorways and sullen men lolled about the porches.” The Federals … Continue reading

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The Battles for High Bridge April 6-7, 1865

After leaving Amelia Court House, Gen. Robert E. Lee headed his columns west in the hopes of putting some distance between himself and the pursuing Union armies under Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Lee knew that his worn out and … Continue reading

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