Category Archives: Leadership–Confederate

Events Larger Than One Person: The Surrenders at Bennett Place, Durham, North Carolina

Part One. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston learned of the surrender of Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia in Wilmer McLean’s parlor in the hamlet of Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865 several days later. Lee had … Continue reading

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The Last to Fall

When Brigadier General Robert Charles Tyler fell near the palisade entrance to the fort bearing his name, he would go down in history as the last Confederate General to die in combat during the American Civil War. Tyler was also … Continue reading

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Thoughts on Appomattox (part five)

On the night of April 12, as he made his way back to Richmond after leaving the remnants of the Army of Northern Virginia, Robert E. Lee pitched his camp alongside the road. Today, the spot—along modern route 60 midway … Continue reading

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Where Was George Gordon Meade?

A Google search of the many sketches and paintings that have become the iconic, popular images of Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House may unveil a startling revelation. The commander of the Army of the Potomac, the principle … Continue reading

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Lt. Gen. U.S. Grant’s Dispatch to the Secretary of War April 9, 1865

Headquarters Appomattox C.H. Va., April 9th, 1865, 4:30 p.m. Hon. E.M. Stanton: Secretary of War, Washington. General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia this afternoon on terms proposed by myself. The accompanying additional correspondence will show the conditions fully. … Continue reading

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Closing Lee’s Western Door: The Battle of Appomattox Station

The evacuation of Farmville and subsequent fight at Cumberland Church continued to force Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia west. By the morning of April 8, Lee’s next objective was Appomattox Station, where he hoped to obtain critical supplies … Continue reading

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World on Fire

Today, we are pleased to welcome back guest author Dwight Hughes. This post is based on a forthcoming book on the CSS Shenandoah. In the cool dusk of Sunday, 2 April 1865, Abraham Lincoln sat with Rear Admiral David Porter … Continue reading

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The Last Victory of the Army of Northern Virginia –The Battle of Cumberland Church, April 7, 1865

The afternoon of April 7th found the Confederate army in a bad situation. With the losses at Sailors Creek the day before, Lee could barely count 30,000 men left in his army. Most of these men were tired, underfed and … Continue reading

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The Dismissal of Bushrod Johnson, the Confederacy’s Luckless Ohioan

Ohio-born Confederate General Bushrod Johnson was not a man to know much luck. He had been forced to resign from the Old Army during the Mexican War to avoid scandal; he went on to teach at the Western Military Institute … Continue reading

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“General Grant had us completely in a trap…” Farmville and High Bridge, April 7, 1865

On the afternoon of April 7, Lt. Gen. US Grant entered the town of Farmville.  As one private put it “stores were shut up, houses closed, frightened women peeped through dilapidated doorways and sullen men lolled about the porches.” The Federals … Continue reading

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