Robert M. Dunkerly

Dunkerly@PodiumRobert M. Dunkerly (Bert) is a historian, award-winning author, and speaker who is actively involved in historic preservation and research. He holds a degree in History from St. Vincent College and a Masters in Historic Preservation from Middle Tennessee State University. He has worked at nine historic sites, written eleven books and over twenty articles. His research includes archaeology, colonial life, military history, and historic commemoration. Dunkerly is currently a Park Ranger at Richmond National Battlefield Park. He has visited over 400 battlefields and over 700 historic sites worldwide. When not reading or writing, he enjoys hiking, camping, and photography.

2 Responses to Robert M. Dunkerly

  1. Steve Lamm says:

    Mr. Dunkerly,

    I enjoyed your article “The Bitter End” in the Spring 2015 edition of the The Hollowed Ground.

    I hope you can shed some light on a question I have concerning who wrote the terms of surrender.

    On page 27, you wrote “Lee agreed, asking also that his men be allowed to keep their horses. Grant acquiesced and had his aide Ely Parker write up the terms.”

    However, Grant wrote in his memoirs the following:

    “Then we gradually fell off again into conversation about matters foreign to the subject which had brought us together. This continued for some little time, when General Lee again interrupted the course of the conversation by suggesting that the terms I proposed to give his army ought to be written out. I called to General Parker, secretary on my staff, for writing materials, and commenced writing out the following terms:”

    Later, Grant wrote “When I put my pen to the paper I did not know the first word that I should make use of in writing the terms. I only knew what was in my mind, and I wished to express it clearly, so that there could be no mistaking it.”

    Was it Parker or Grant that wrote the terms of surrender?

    Steve Lamm

    • Bert Dunkerly says:

      Steve, I apologize for the late reply… I’ve been quite busy lately and on the road a bit! Grant wrote out the terms, but then Parker wrote a final, good copy. Parker had good penmanship and his would be the official copy.

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