Author Archives: Kevin Pawlak

Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 20, 1862

The day began with Confederate soldiers, led by A.P. Hill’s Division, advancing back to Boteler’s Ford downstream from Shepherdstown, ordered there because of the alarm Pendleton created the previous night that crossing Federals captured all of his 44 guns (in … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 19, 1862

As the darkness descended on September 18, the Army of Northern Virginia began to stir, using its cover to slip away, back across the Potomac River. It brought as many of its wounded and supplies with it as it could, … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 18, 1862

The detritus of war littered the fields, woodlots, and roadways around Sharpsburg. Both armies, winded from the desperate fighting of America’s bloodiest day, collected themselves, began the process of burying their dead and removing their wounded, and awaited whatever might … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 17, 1862

The flash of musketry fire illuminated the dark landscape around the sleepy town of Sharpsburg while the few visible stars still hovered in the early morning sky. With each passing moment, as the sun rose higher behind the peaks of … Continue reading

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September 16, 1862: The Night Of No Return

Civil War soldiers vividly remembered, and recalled, certain days of their military careers, both the highs and lows, the good ones and the bad ones. For those soldier participants in the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, the September 17, … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 16, 1862

All of the eyes watching the campaign in Maryland now focused in on the two armies facing off along the banks of Antietam Creek. As more time wore on from the last fight two days prior at South Mountain, more … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 15, 1862

As the heavy morning fog lifted, the trapped Federal garrison, helplessly huddled in its defenses, looked around and saw Confederates everywhere–in front, on either side and behind them. When Mother Nature dissipated and exposed the Union soldiers, the cordon of … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 14, 1862

From 9 a.m. until the sun set behind the hills, the day-long Battle of South Mountain raged. Federal troops first struck up the mountain at Fox’s Gap. By the end of 13 hours of fighting, the motley assortment of Confederate … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 13, 1862

This Saturday began with the cracking of rifle fire atop Elk Ridge. From behind their breastwork, the Federals made Kershaw’s South Carolinians pay for every step they took. The combined weight of Kershaw and his reinforcements under William Barksdale and … Continue reading

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Voices of the Maryland Campaign: September 12, 1862

George B. McClellan’s short marches stood in stark contrast to his plans for September 12. Armed with information of the Confederate abandonment of Frederick, he ordered his troops to converge closer to the hub city of central Maryland. Jesse Reno’s … Continue reading

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