Matchless Organization: Medical Officers in the Regular Confederate Army

by Guy R. Hasegawa

*     *     *

Medical Officers in the Regular Confederate Armya

Final Rank in Regular Confed. Army and Nameb Final Rank in US Armyc Orig. Entry into US Army Comments Regarding Confed. Service
Surgeon General      
   Moore, Samuel Preston Surg., Maj. Mar. 14, 1835 Promoted from Surg.
Surgeon      
   DeLeon, David Camden Surg., Maj. Aug. 21, 1838 Resigned Aug. 1, 1862
   Madison, Thomas C. Surg., Maj. Feb. 27, 1840  
   Haden, John M. Asst. Surg., Capt. Dec. 13, 1847  
   Smith, Charles H. Asst. Surg., Capt. Dec. 13, 1847  
   Guild, Lafayette Asst. Surg., Capt. Mar. 2, 1849  
   Williams, Thomas H. Asst. Surg., Capt. Mar. 2, 1849  
   Anderson, William W. Asst. Surg., Capt. June 29, 1849  
   Johns, Edward W. Asst. Surg., Capt. June 29, 1849  
   Langworthy, Elisha P. Asst. Surg., Capt. May 16, 1850 Died Mar. 8, 1862
   Ford, Andrew Jacksond Asst. Surg., Capt. May 11, 1853 Promoted from Asst. Surg.
   Potts, Richarde Asst. Surg., Capt. Sept. 16, 1853 Promoted from Asst. Surg.
   Sorrel, Francisf Asst. Surg., Capt. June 29, 1849 To take rank from Oct. 4, 1862
Assistant Surgeong      
   Brodie, Robert L. Asst. Surg., Capt. May 15, 1854  
   Crowell, Nathaniel S. Asst. Surg., Capt. Nov. 8, 1854  
   Herndon, James C. Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. Feb. 22, 1856  
   Gaenslen, John J. Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. May 16, 1856  
   Brewer, Charles Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. Aug. 29, 1856  
   Covey, Edward N. Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. Aug. 29, 1856  
   Wall, Asa Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. Aug. 29, 1856 Dropped July 20, 1863
   Berrien, James H. Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. June 8, 1860  
   Fauntleroy, Archibald M. Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. June 23, 1860  
   Ramseur, David P. Asst. Surg, 1st Lt. Oct. 15, 1860 Resigned Oct. 22, 1864

aPrimarily from vol. 88, ch. I, RG 109, National Archives.

bUnless otherwise noted, the date from which seniority was determined for the indicated rank (the “to take rank from” date) was March 16, 1861.

cIn the US Army, surgeons had the rank of major, and assistant surgeons had the rank of captain or first lieutenant. All medical officers in the regular Confederate army had been in the US Army and, with the exception of Francis Sorrel, left US service shortly before their joining the CS army. Two other physicians formerly in the US Army—Robert Southgate and William A. Carswell—were medical officers in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States (PACS) but evidently not in the regular CS army.

dAppointment as assistant surgeon in the regular CS army took rank from March 16, 1861. Promoted to surgeon, to take rank from October 4, 1862, to fill the slot of Moore, who had been promoted from acting surgeon general (with the rank of surgeon) to surgeon general.

eAppointment as assistant surgeon in the regular CS army took rank from March 16, 1861. Promoted to surgeon, to take rank from October 4, 1862, to fill the slot of Langworthy, who had died.

fSorrel resigned from the US Army on June 27, 1856. His seven years of US service gave him the least seniority among full surgeons in the regular CS Army.

gAll assistant surgeons in the regular CS army were also full surgeons in the PACS.