Category Archives: Slavery

Every Free Able-Bodied Male Citizen: Another Example of Militia Readiness in Antebellum America Part IV

A few years ago, I wrote a series concerning antebellum militias in America. I gave a thoughtful introduction, explaining the state of local militias between the Revolution and the Civil War, then wrote about a northern militia group and a … Continue reading

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40th Parallel

Columbia, Pennsylvania, is a gritty river industrial town that dates back to the mid 18th-Century and straddles the 40th Parallel – a small stone marker marks that designation right along the Susquehanna River in Lancaster County. What makes the town … Continue reading

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A Legacy of Freedom: Nimrod Burke Provides a Link Between Two Emancipations

Robert Carter III’s 1791 Deed of Gift, which gradually freed 452 of his enslaved laborers, was the largest private emancipation of slaves until the American Civil War. Some of the descendants of the enslaved men, women, and children freed by … Continue reading

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The Confederate Army Never Invaded the U. S. Capitol. On January 6, 2021, Their Battle Flag Was There.

On January 6, 2021, I was appalled to see that the United States Capitol was invaded and trashed, with people killed. Americans did this to their own Capitol because of lies told by the President and his supporters. On top of … Continue reading

Posted in Slavery, Ties to the War | Tagged , , , , , | 117 Comments

Echoes of Reconstruction: Challenges for Frederick Douglass Post-War: Black Equality & the Memory of Lee

ECW welcomes back Patrick Young, author of The Reconstruction Era blog I sometimes hear comedians joke that Black History Month, celebrated annually in February, is during the shortest month of the year. Rather than being emblematic of a slight, February was chosen … Continue reading

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The Secession of Mississippi

January 9, 2020, is the 160th anniversary of the secession of Mississippi Named for war hero Andrew Jackson, Jackson, Mississippi, was founded in 1821 at the intersection of the Natchez Trace and the Pearl River. Jackson himself had come through … Continue reading

Posted in 160th Anniversary, Antebellum South, Economics, Politics, Primary Sources, Slavery | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | 9 Comments

John Wolcott Phelps’ Emancipation Proclamation

The voyage of the U.S. Frigate Constitution ended at Ship island, a barrier island off the Gulf coast of Mississippi in December, 1861. Prior to disembarking, Brigadier General John Wolcott Phelps gathered all passengers on deck and recited one of … Continue reading

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Finding Missouri Governor and Union Brigadier General Thomas C. Fletcher in Hillsboro

For many history buffs and road trippers, rural Jefferson County, Missouri is usually not very high – or maybe not at all – on the Civil War bucket list of sites to see. Sitting due south of St. Louis is … Continue reading

Posted in Leadership--Federal, Personalities, Slavery, Trans-Mississippi, Western Theater | Tagged , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

When a Monument Cherrypicks Its History

When people have the chance to learn about history, don’t we want that history to be factually correct? That’s the question I asked last week when writing about the Robert E. Lee statue at Antietam. Placed at a spot on … Continue reading

Posted in Memory, Monuments, Slavery | Tagged , , , , , , , | 177 Comments

A Doctor, His Enslaved Man, and Georgia’s Union Circle (part two)

The devastation and upheaval created in the neighborhood near the Battle at Resaca gave people like Dr. Gideon’s enslaved man, Owen, their first viable opportunity to aid the Union cause. Owen Gideon was born into slavery about 1834 in Hall … Continue reading

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