Fredericksburg, My Favorite City in Virginia (part two)

part two of five

In Washington, D.C., I could go almost anywhere without too many problems with racism. However, whenever we were going south to Fredericksburg, my brothers and sisters and I were told to be on our best behavior. We were going through the South where we could be locked up, beaten up, or worse because of our color. We always thought that we were safe once we got to Fredericksburg.

After listening to Rev. Hashmel Turner—the most well-known member of the 23rd USCT, current president of the Fredericksburg NAACP, and a former Fredericksburg City Council member—I realized that Fredericksburg was segregated in my early years of coming to the city. As a visitor, my family treated us so well that we did not really go to restaurants or the theaters—except for our biggest treat, which was to go to Carl’s Ice Cream shop. Carl’s is still a big treat!

One trip in 1958 I remember so vividly because of two events. The first was that we went to our great Uncle John Ennis’ farm in the Chancellorsville area. My uncle Steven Campbell and I chased Uncle John’s horse with sticks so that we could get a ride on him. Being city boys, we did not know that the horse would not take too kindly to being chased with a stick. After my Uncle John died, his farm was sold, and it is now one of the housing developments on the Chancellorsville Battlefield. However, I just do not remember where the property was on the battlefield. Now, when I give tours in various parts of the battlefield, I wonder if I have been on Uncle John’s old farm ground again. I probably will never know.

The second event changed my life forever! Most of our family went to church service at our family church in Fredericksburg, Shiloh Baptist Church New Site. My great grandfather, Reverend David Ennis, had been an associate minister there. Instead, on that particular trip, my father took me to the Fredericksburg Battlefield and National Cemetery. It was there that I began my fascination with the Civil War. Whether it was the few monuments in the cemetery or my standing at the crest of Marye’s Heights, I thought I was standing on top of the world, thinking about the Union attacks here. At that time, I did not know about the second battle of Fredericksburg, which was part of the Chancellorsville campaign, so I did not know that the Union soldiers overran this same area atop the hill, five months later.

JohnWashington

John Washington

At the time, of course, I did not know I would someday serve in a joint honor guard—consisting of USCT, white Union reenactors, and Confederate reenactors—that would make the annual procession from Shiloh Old Site to the Fredericksburg National Cemetery and then serve during the National Park Service program. This annual procession originated from the Fredericksburg community’s celebration of the Trail to Freedom program, a program celebrating the escape of more than 10,000 slaves from the Union army’s first occupation of Fredericksburg. This event is discussed in John Washington’s slave narrative, Memorys of the Past, as well as in Professor David Blight’s book A Slave No More.

John Hennessy and the park have presented many programs about John Washington, and now, Washington has an exhibit in the Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center that discusses Good Friday, April 18, 1862, when the Union army arrived in Fredericksburg for the first time. The Union army was in the Fredericksburg area constantly from April 1862 until May 1864. That, in turn, led to four major battles and made this area the bloodiest landscape in North America! The reason: Fredericksburg is right between the two capitals of the Civil War—50 miles south of Washington DC, the Union capital, and 50 miles north of Richmond, VA, the Confederate capital. More than 100,000 soldiers were killed or wounded in this area during the two years the war was here.

I remember another trip when my father had all of us piled in an old 1954 Plymouth. After leaving Fredericksburg and driving up old Shirley Highway, a state trooper stopped my father. He told my father that he was speeding and had been eluding him for a mile. Well, that old car could barely do 45 miles per hour and could never drive faster than a police car. He was taken to court and had to pay a big fine for something he did not do.

From that day until 1982, I hated Virginia, except for my beloved Fredericksburg. That was the year Guardian Federal Savings was acquired by Perpetual Savings Bank—my employer at the time—whose operational headquarters was in Alexandria, VA. From that time going forward, I have spent much of my time in Virginia. Now, the 23rd assists the Spotsylvania County Sheriff’s Office with its National Night Out program.

About stewardthenderson

Civil War historian at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park and living historian with the 23rd Regiment USCT and 54th Massachusetts Infantry Co. B. I am also a member of the Trail to Freedom Committee in the Fredericksburg, VA area and a member of the John J. Wright Museum in Spotsylvania, VA.
This entry was posted in Slavery and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

10 Responses to Fredericksburg, My Favorite City in Virginia (part two)

  1. Paul Marques says:

    Thank God for courageous people of good will, judicial systems with fairness, and positive change with accountability.

    • Thank you for your comment Paul. Since I have been with the 23rd, we have been well treated and successful participating in events in Fredericksburg and the surrounding counties. We have also worked with the police in Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Caroline.

  2. David Corbett says:

    Interesting story-thanks for sharing.

  3. Roger Futrell says:

    Thanks for sharing such a personal perspective of the CW and its aftermath. Interesting and well written.

  4. Bob Ruth says:

    Steward:

    I agree. Fascinating stuff.

    You and John Hennessy are doing great work. Although I haven’t visited Virginia battlefields in decades (I moved away from the Washington DC area in my early 20s), I recently viewed a video of Hennessy addressing history profs and National Park staff and others.

    He emphasized the need for rangers at National Park Service CW battlefield sites to go beyond mere descriptions of the battles. Battlefield displays and rangers must tell visitors why the battle – and the war – were fought, i.e.. what were the stakes. While such info might make some uncomfortable, it is vital part of our nation’s history that must be told and retold, Hennessy said.

    • Thank you, I agree that John Hennessy is doing great work for the National Park Service and the community. It is because of John that I decided to do more writing and bring more to the history than just the numbers and facts of the Civil War. He informed me that to keep people’s interest, you need to put in your work personal stories of the men who fought and the civilians who lived through the ordeal.

  5. Mark Leach says:

    Thanks for the wonderful and very personal story!!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s