As another college football Saturday passes, I cannot help but be struck by the various Civil War connections that can be found on today’s gridiron.
Like any deep-rooted regional organization, colleges and universities are an expression of each state and reflect the values and heritage of their respective areas. In some states, rooting for the local university is also a way to show state pride (Missouri, Kentucky, Nebraska, and Oregon all are examples) or regional pride (Louisville, Cincinnati, Pitt, UCLA, Miami, and Auburn). Given this background, it is only natural that the Civil War would find a place in college football.
Of course, there are other colleges and universities that have Civil War ties that are not in their symbols, such as West Point, the Naval Academy, VMI, the Citadel, Harvard, Mississippi State, Dickinson College, Union College, William & Mary, Emory & Henry, and others. Nothing in this post should be interpreted as taking away from those legacies. But symbols are fundamental expressions of an organization’s identity; the strongest Civil War echoes are in those colleges and universities that draw some sort of enduring symbol from their Civil War legacy.
A partial list of colleges that draw their symbols in some way from the Civil War include:
Howard University. Named for its founder, Major General O.O. Howard, USA.
Indiana University. Mascot is the Hoosiers, sharing a nickname with Indiana troops in the Civil War.
The Louisiana State University. Mascot is the Tigers, in honor of the famed Louisiana Tigers of the Army of Northern Virginia.
The Ohio State University. Mascot is the Buckeyes, sharing a nickname with Ohio troops in the Civil War.
State University of New York at Albany. The school’s alma mater song calls the area and state the “mother of armies.” As the New York State Normal School, contributed a company to the 44th New York Infantry, Army of the Potomac. The author’s graduate alma mater.
University of Kansas. Mascot is the Jayhawks, from the Jayhawker bands of free-staters that battled pro-slavery elements in the “Bleeding Kansas” period and through the Civil War.
University of Michigan. Mascot is the Wolverines, sharing a nickname with Michigan troops (notably George A. Custer’s cavalry) in the Civil War.
University of Mississippi (Ole Miss). Mascot is the Rebels, alluding to the state’s Confederate service. Also draws a connection to the University Grays of the 2d Mississippi Infantry, Army of Northern Virginia.
University of Wisconsin. Mascot is the Badgers, sharing a nickname with Wisconsin troops from the Civil War. Plays at Camp Randall Stadium, on the site of the state’s training and mustering ground. The fight song and chant of ON WISCONSIN comes from Lieutenant Arthur MacArthur’s cry at the Battle of Chattanooga in 1863.
Virginia Tech. Plays in Lane Stadium, named for Brigadier General James H. Lane, CSA, first Commandant of the Corps of Cadets at the school.
Washington & Lee University. Named for George Washington and Robert E. Lee. Mascot is the Generals.
Honorable mention also goes to the Blue-Gray Classic, a college all-star game played in Montgomery, Alabama, from 1939 to 2001 and one more time in 2003.