Fort Scott, established in 1842, was a frontier military outpost in Kansas, and it was garrisoned by the U.S. Army through 1853. In 1855, local settlers were allowed to purchase the abandoned military buildings and two years later the civilian community at Fort Scott.
That community experienced the violence of “Bleeding Kansas” in the years leading up to the Civil War, and then served as the U.S. Army district headquarters, quartermaster supply depot, training site, and recruitment post during the war. (The army rented buildings from the civilian owners.)
Both sides recognized the strategic importance of Fort Scott for control of Kansas and the Midwest region. The Battle of Dry Wood Creek, fought across the state line in Missouri, brought Confederates under Sterling Price near the outpost, but Price was more interested in controlling Missouri than the fort. His decision allowed James Lane and Lane’s pro-Union partisan militia to organize at Fort Scott and start a Jayhawker movement in Price’s rear. At other points in the war, Fort Scott was used as a general hospital and a military prison.
After the Civil War, Fort Scott grew exponentially, competing with Kansas City for the large railroad hub west of the Mississippi River. Fort Scott National Historic Site was established in 1978 and currently protects 20 historic buildings and interprets the frontier, Bleeding Kansas, and Civil War history.
There is a nice and informative interactive virtual tour of the fort and some of the museum buildings. Check it out this weekend and happy exploring!
Click Here: Fort Scott Virtual Tour
Visit the NPS site website for more details about Fort Scott and updates for visiting in-person: https://www.nps.gov/fosc/index.htm