Civil War Cookin’: Turkey For Dinner?

Civil War soldiers mention eating turkey (or wanting to eat turkey) for holiday meals. If they were lucky enough to catch, forage, or receive a turkey, that glorious moment would come when the big bird on a platter landed at the head of the table or on the central “cracker box table” and it was time to “dig-in.”

As exemplified by Samuel Fiske’s account, holiday meals were not always exactly what a soldier wanted. For a Thanksgiving Feast on November 25, 1863, this Union soldier sent a request to the brigade commissary, asking for 1 turkey, 3 chickens, 11 mince pies, 200 oysters (on the half shell), 5 gallons of cider, 2 bushels of apples, 10 pounds hardtack, 4 pounds pork, and some ingredients for pumpkin pie – 1 pumpkin, 8 dozen eggs, and a gallon of milk. Unhappily for Mr. Fiske, the commissary only sent the pork and hardtack that year.[i]

In honor of the day (and perhaps as a helpful hint to curious readers), I found directions for carving a turkey. Courtesy of Mrs. Child’s 1833 cookbook and with all appropriate warnings to vegetarians.

TO CARVE A TURKEY – Fix the fork firmly on one side of the thin bone that rises in the centre [center] of the breast; the fork should be placed parallel with the bone, and as close to it as possible. Cut the meat from the breast lengthwise, in slices of about half an inch in thickness. Then turn the turkey upon the side nearest you, and cut off the leg and the wing; when the knife is passed between the limbs and the body, press outward, the joint will be easily perceived. Then turn the turkey on the other side, and cut off the other leg and wing. Separate the drum-sticks from the leg-bones, and the pinions from the wings; it is hardly possible to mistake the joint. Cut the stuffing in thin slices, lengthwise. Take off the neck bones, which are two triangular bones on each side of the breast; this done by passing the knife from the back under the blade-part of each neck-bone, until it reaches the end; by raising the knife, the other branch will easily crack off. Separate the carcass from the back by passing the knife lengthwise from the neck downward. Turn the back upwards, and lay the edge of the knife across the back-bone, about midway between the legs and wings; at the same moment, place the fork within the lower part of the turkey, and lift it up; this will make the backbone crack at the knife. The croup, or lower park of the back being cut off, put it on the plate, with the rump [facing away] from you, and slit off the side-bones by forcing the knife through the rump to the other end.

The choicest parts of a turkey are the side-bones, the breast, and the thighbones. The breast and wings are called light meat; the thighbones and side-bones dark meat. When a person declines expressing a preference, it is polite to help to both kinds.[ii]

And now you’re ready to carve a turkey and serve Thanksgiving Dinner as a gallant and talented host. Happy Feasting!

 

[i] William C. Davis, A Taste for War: The Culinary History of the Blue and the Gray, 2003, page 119.

[ii] Childs, The American Frugal Housewife, 1833; reprinted by Applewood Books, pages 122-123.

About Sarah Kay Bierle

I’m Sarah Kay Bierle, historian, living history enthusiast, and historical fiction writer. When sharing history, I try to keep the facts interesting and understandable. History is about real people, real actions, real effects and it should inspire us today.
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3 Responses to Civil War Cookin’: Turkey For Dinner?

  1. tuffncuddly says:

    Sarah great article you must have done alot of researching to find the perfect Thanksgiving article. I have one problem though-we’re not eating until 430 and your piece has made me very HUNGRY!!! lol..
    As always perfect piece Sarah

    • Ah…hope you enjoyed your Thanksgiving dinner!

      • tuffncuddly says:

        My family is like the Leave It to Beaver Show and I mean that in the most positive way. We didn’t we don’t have a drunk uncle, someone going through a divorce, or a highly on discipline child running around pulling Bart Simpson pranks on everyone LOL. As I said my family is everything to me it’s getting so big now with everyone my age having their second and third kid, the food was excellent I think we had three days worth of leftovers well what my mom gave for me and my dogs LOL. How was your Thanksgiving and are you going anywhere for the Christmas New Year holiday? Also I know you live in Cali but are you going to be at the 2018 Symposium by any chance? I’m trying to get a feel from everybody I talk to on here like you and Dan and stuff about who’s going to go and who isn’t. Hope to hear from you soon, keep having fun but stay out of trouble lol

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